How to Build a Career as a Civil Engineer for Beginners

Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering fields, and it is in charge of managing society’s facilities. Civil engineers ensure that infrastructure such as highways, bridges, homes, and dams are built, operated, and maintained in a secure manner. Civil engineering has specific educational and competence qualifications due to the nature of its responsibilities. This guide on how to build a career as a Civil Engineer will go over what you need to know about being an engineer, including what civil engineering degrees are available and what prospective students should expect.

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What Civil Engineers Do?

Civil engineers prepare, design, and supervise the installation of roads and facilities that are critical to human life, such as homes, airports, infrastructure installations, dams, highways, reservoirs, water storage systems, and harbor offshore structures. A civil engineer is needed to plan the project, build it, and manage it. Apart from that, the civil engineer contributes to environmental preservation by devising strategies for reducing possible emissions of air, water, and soil.

Civil engineers are divided into two categories. The first type of structural engineer is a specialist that focuses on design projects and spends much of their time in the workplace or with customers, while the second type is a contractor that is more concerned with holding an eye on the actual building and is normally located on-site. Both are demanding worlds, and civil engineering must be creative and realistic to succeed.

Eligibility to Becoming A Civil Engineer

Eligibility to Becoming A Civil Engineer
Eligibility to Becoming A Civil Engineer


  • Candidate must have completed a recognized board’s class 12th or similar test with a minimum aggregate of 75%. The minimum aggregate laws, on the other hand, differ by category.
  • A valid engineering entrance exam score is required (JEE/ BITSAT/ VITEEE and other state-level entrance exams).
  • Just a few engineering colleges adhere to the minimum and maximum age requirements.


  • Students must have completed a BTech degree with a minimum passing percentage in all subjects learned during their undergraduate program.
  • Admissions are made based on the results of an entrance test, such as the GATE score merit list.

Civil Engineer – Types of Job Roles

Civil Engineer - Types of Job Roles
Civil Engineer – Types of Job Roles

Following completion of the academic requirements to become a civil engineer, you would have a wide range of career as a Civil Engineer opportunities to choose from, depending on your interests. Some of the most common civil career as a Civil Engineer profiles are listed below:

Construction Engineer

Their work entails overseeing building projects and ensuring that they are finished on schedule. Construction engineers are mostly in charge of the design and safety of temporary structures as they are being built. They plan personnel flows and decide how other contractors and subcontractors will support ongoing operations. The construction engineer also analyzes a job’s financial projections to ensure they are accurate and practical.

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Geotechnical Engineers

Their job is to ensure that the foundations of homes, highways, runways, bridges, and other structures are sound. They concentrate on how civil engineering systems, such as houses and tunnels, connect with the earth (including soil and rock).

Transportation Engineers

Transport engineers work on modern road networks and buildings, such as roads, airports, trains, and bridges, among other things. They do so by reviewing results, finding problems, and devising creative ways to solve them. The collecting and assessment of processes, traffic flow, collisions, costs, and other data is usually needed to solve these complex problems. On certain projects, Transport Engineers will be expected to work with other groups, such as utility providers and government agencies.

Structural Engineers

Structural Engineers collaborate with Architects to provide the framework for homes, buildings, and other structures. They are essential for the stabilization and core structure of every building project. From simple determination to building architecture to implementation preparation and development monitoring, a structural engineer is invaluable during the planning process. They’re construction professionals who have to work with a lot of numbers.

Water Management Engineers

A water engineer is responsible for providing safe drinking water, disposing of wastewater and sewage, and preventing flooding. Repairing, restoring, and constructing systems that manage water supply, such as sea defence walls, pumping stations, and reservoirs, as part of their work.

Highway Engineers

Highway engineering is a division of structural engineering that entails the planning, design, development, service, and maintenance of highways, bridges, and tunnels in order to ensure the smooth and efficient movement of people and materials.

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Civil Engineers

Roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, buildings, airports, water and sewer facilities, and other major engineering schemes are all designed and overseen by civil engineers. Since they are the most visible infrastructure inventions, buildings and bridges are also the first structures that come to mind. Civil engineers, on the other hand, are responsible for less obvious contributions and creations.

Civil Engineer – Pay Scale/Salary

Civil engineers make a good living in a variety of fields. Most businesses pay extra for construction engineers and contractors who are extremely trained and qualified. A starting salary per anum is Rs. 3,50,000 to Rs. 6,00,000 and the mid-level salary per anum are Rs. 6,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000 and senior-level salary per anum are above Rs. 10,00,000.

Advantages of Becoming A Civil Engineer

Advantages of Becoming A Civil Engineer
Advantages of Becoming A Civil Engineer

Good Pay

Civil engineers who are skilled and trained are often paid well. The standard of the college where one pursues the course has a significant impact on the pay package. 


Engineers have a one-of-a-kind opportunity to blend engineering expertise with artistic architecture. They must be familiar with the ins and outs of building design, including electrical and plumbing systems as well as how they operate. Engineers, on the other hand, always relish the opportunity of creating plans that strike a balance between functionality and visual appeal. Engineers also renovate or restore more imaginative structures where older, more conservative structures once stood in neighbourhoods that emphasize contemporary architectural structures.

Field Work

Civil engineers do spend time preparing, scheduling appointments, and attending sessions in their workplaces. However, they spend most of their time at work monitoring buildings and programs and resolving project problems outside. Civil engineers are required to be busy and on the move due to the nature of their jobs. It’s also complex, which ensures that each project has its own set of design and organizational problems. Engineers will have the opportunity to collaborate directly with builders, architects, and labourers.


Civil engineers play a crucial role in the growth of communities. Communities will not be able to flourish and thrive without their special abilities. The foundation of public infrastructure is made up of buildings and highways. Engineers not only supply them, but they also use their expertise to improve community systems’ performance and productivity. They also design water and sewer systems that strike a balance between protection and water and sewer distribution, which are critical roles of city operations as well as residents’ health and comfort.

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Job Availability – Home and Abroad

Civil engineering is one of the most important branches of engineering. It’s sometimes referred to as an evergreen branch. The majority of core divisions result in more career as a Civil Engineer openings (compared to other engineering branches).

This is particularly true in the case of Gulf nations. There is a huge demand for civil engineers in that region. In addition, the remuneration plan is much superior to that of India.

Government Job Opportunity

Civil engineers may apply for a wide range of government positions. Armed forces, Indian Railways, PWDs, NHAI, Municipal councils, Housing boards, and other organizations are known to regularly employ them.

Respected Profession and Job Satisfaction

Civil engineers have developed a distinct position in society as a result of the preceding issue. It is a well-respected sector. Civil engineers plan and construct structures. They will design and construct buildings such as bridges, parks, stadiums, sewage systems, and homes, among other things. They have the ability to directly impact people’s lives through their jobs.

Unique Blend

It is a career that allows you to share your imagination, problem-solving abilities, and professional knowledge. In other words, you would not be lonely when working. You’ll be emotionally excited and inspired at all times. Site work is available to a large number of civil engineers. If you don’t like living in a cubicle, you’ll enjoy working outside! Civil engineers work in a variety of places and habitats, from hilly fields, the seashore, cities, and forests.

Multiple Job Roles

Civil engineers may work as supervisors, field officers, project managers, design specialists, and research candidates, among other positions. 

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In a nutshell, civil engineering is the most promising branch of engineering in terms of future development. The global demand for professional civil engineers will never slow down as infrastructure projects, building construction, and other structures continue to grow and will never be static.

If working on project sites does not appeal to you, consider a career in education, where your primary duty would be to teach civil engineering subjects to students at public or private engineering institutes.

If you want to pursue a career as a Civil Engineer, you can first enroll in an undergraduate program, after which you will pursue a postgraduate program. A diploma in civil engineering is also available at several universities.

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